Robotics is the branch of engineering that is responsible for the conception, design, manufacture, and operation of robots.
A robot is an articulated device or mechanism that develops automatic movements or functions following external instructions or rules that have been incorporated into it.
Robotics is a multidisciplinary and cross-cutting field. As well as its applications. It overlaps with electronics, computer science, artificial intelligence , mechatronics, IoT , 5G , nanotechnology, bioengineering, new materials, sensors.
Robotics can contribute to the automation and innovation of many processes, both in the industrial and other fields, and create new opportunities and business models. In addition, its application guarantees greater and better control of production processes, in parallel with more flexible and adaptable environments.
The application of robots in the production process reduces human effort, while improving security conditions.
Robotics sophistication and integration with other technologies can promote new business models or applications in more remote sectors of the industry and incorporate social and collaborative aspects.
One of the main trends in the industry is the introduction of collaborative robots or cobots, which can share workspace with people and learn new tasks. Collaborative robots are designed to perform tasks in collaboration with human workers. The so-called cobots are designed with a number of technical features that ensure the safety of workers when they come into direct contact with robots, either deliberately or by accident. These features include lightweight materials, rounded contours, and sensors at the base of the robot or at the joints that measure and control force and speed and prevent them from exceeding defined thresholds in the event of contact. These robots do not replace people, they help them.