5G is the fifth generation of wireless communication technologies and standards.
The large number of 4G base stations needed to service a territory does not guarantee that the network will not collapse or become unusable in certain events, and will consume a lot of energy. 5G optimizes this energy consumption through optimizations in the field of radio and virtualization techniques that allow you to turn off stations when they are not active. The main features of this development are: a higher speed than the current one, more capacity to respond to the increase of connected devices and a decrease in latency, which is reduced to less than one thousandth of second. Thus, the implementation of 5G allows the development and massive use of technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT), as well as the smart and connected vehicle and smart cities. 5G not only changes the way humans communicate, it also changes the way we communicate everything. 5G connects the physical world (e.g., vehicles, ships, buildings, meters, machines, factories, medical devices, and other items) to electronics, software, sensors, and the cloud.